In better responses, candidates showed a clear understanding of the political concept of «explaining» oneself and addressed the concept of balancing the recognition of rights and the application of responsibilities to employees and employers. They identified a number of available legal measures, explaining why and how these legal measures contributed to the balance of rights and obligations. The integration of laws, business, media, international instruments and other relevant documents allowed the candidates to link cause and effect to the multitude of legal measures available to govern relations between all stakeholders in the workplace. In these responses, candidates incorporated current issues and explained the rights and obligations arising from these issues related to the nature of labour law and workplace regulation. In better responses, candidates briefly and succinctly identified a relevant human right and set the context for its legal recognition. In so doing, the applicants clearly identified the point of legal recognition of the law. For example, universal suffrage in the Australian context was pursued by the suffragette movement and its legal recognition by australian law and in the Australian Constitution. Overall, successful candidates demonstrated a thorough knowledge of the challenges faced by the world`s indigenous peoples, including obtaining legal claims, legal recognition and self-determination, as well as land rights, intellectual property rights and resources. Are you looking for previous articles in HSC legal studies to put your skills into practice and apply your knowledge? Then you`ve come to the right place. Go directly to articles>>In your HSC Legal Studies course, you have had the opportunity to develop your knowledge and understanding of the nature and functions of law and regulation, the development of the Australian and international legal systems, the Australian Constitution and legal reform.
They also examined key areas of law, justice and human rights through various targeted studies that examined how changes in societies affect legal reform. Exam questions are related to program results, but if you want to be sure to succeed and excel, you must demonstrate your ability to integrate the knowledge, understanding, and skills you have gained while studying the course. If you have completed HSC legal studies in the past, you will have a good idea of what to expect in your final exams. The program changed in 2009, so we have had HSC legal studies since 2010 to help you below. Also click here to access the HSC 2019 Legal Studies exam pack. We sorted past work by course and year and named the links as accurately as possible. If you find any errors, please let us know. Sometimes there is only one marking guide, in others the marking guide also contains examples of answers. The table usually shows each question and the criteria with each marker or area. In better responses, candidates demonstrated a deep knowledge and understanding of the role of nation-states in achieving world order.
The concept of state sovereignty was at the heart of this concept. The candidates incorporated a number of examples to critically explain how nation-states specifically implement or participate in measures (legal and non-legal) to achieve and/or hinder the world order. Recent case studies included in the responses include Libya, Syria, Rwanda, North Korea, East Timor, Iraq, Afghanistan, the Middle East and Sudan. This was supported by the integration and analysis of media reports, documents, international law and quotes from important personalities. In these answers, the candidates answered the question directly and integrated the concepts of world order concisely into the expected 1000 words (about 8 pages of answer booklets). Longer responses sometimes lost sight of each other and therefore did not represent a permanently coherent argument, as required by the heading. In the weaker responses, applicants reported conflicts related to accommodation, but did not delve into or were limited in the scope of the areas covered. An example of this was leasing, where applicants focused exclusively on consumer, commercial and rental courts without recognizing other legal measures such as anti-discrimination laws, leases, status reports or sureties. In many of the weakest responses, no judgement was made on the effectiveness of legal measures. Applicants are encouraged to apply current case studies and integrate relevant legislation, cases, media reports, documents and tools into their response. References to human rights violations (and related international law, such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child) should only be considered within the framework of the «world order» if they are relevant to events that have massive repercussions and thus become crimes against humanity or threaten peace and security. International.
General global issues such as transnational crime, piracy, whaling, the impact of transnational corporations, the global financial crisis, climate change, poverty, asylum-seekers, child soldiers and famine are not global issues within the parameters set by the curriculum. In weaker responses, candidates confused non-governmental organizations with other terms such as non-legal measures to protect human rights. Sample answers are not student responses to exams. In the weaker responses, candidates were not engaged with the question, in particular «why» it was necessary to provide an international legal response. These responses tended to lack a specific reference to international legal developments with respect to the protection of the global environment. Many of the weaker responses tended to rely on national cases and the role of NGOs, which had little relevance to the issue. Many responses were of insufficient length. It is also important to know how to write answers to the different types of questions you will be asked during the exam. Below are instructions for writing down the different types of responses: In better responses, candidates have identified conflict zones in terms of accommodation and legal measures available for their resolution. This was accompanied by the integration of relevant examples, cases and laws to support their judgment on the effectiveness of the legal responses identified.
In the mid-range responses, applicants had limited integration of relevant examples and supporting documents, but showed in-depth knowledge by focusing on the development and impact of legally recognized rights. In better responses, applicants clearly identified a range of global environmental protection needs, such as biodiversity, habitat loss, equity, sustainable development, climate change and resource depletion, and why these needs should be met internationally. Candidates in this area have clearly integrated important international legal responses such as megaconferences (Stockholm, Rio and Johannesburg) as well as specific protocols and conventions such as the Montreal Protocol, CITES and RAMSAR. The reference to international tribunals has been included to broaden the reference to international responses to global environmental protection. Historical and contemporary events in labour law and changing ideological perspectives have been used to determine rights and obligations related to issues such as collective bargaining, company agreements, safety at work, discrimination, termination of employment, including unfair dismissal and holiday rights. In many better responses, candidates included an overview of non-legal measures, such as the role of trade unions, employers` associations, non-governmental organisations and the media, as well as a discussion of courts, tribunals and laws. Candidates have written about the workplace in relation to broader issues in Australian society. In weaker responses, candidates were often descriptive and lacked the ability to convey an understanding of the links between legal measures and the balance of rights and obligations in the workplace. These candidates often showed limited recognition of the relationship between the existence of legislation and the need to identify and argue active compliance or non-compliance measures by the various workplace stakeholders. In these responses, candidates tended to have a general discussion about workers` rights, often relying on vague references to legal terms such as Fair Work Australia, the FWA Ombudsman, trade unions and safety issues. The weaker responses did not include an assessment of the effectiveness of the law and were often very general and considered the provision of accommodation without addressing specific legal issues, as requested in the question. In the weaker responses, applicants provided examples of legal responses to the conflict between resource use and global environmental protection, without linking them to specific conflict issues, as required by the heading.
Candidates tended to make general statements about the protection of the global environment and did not clearly identify why the response to the review was «legal» or did not address the issue.